Publishing May 31, 2021. People of African descent were some of Galveston’s earliest residents, and although they came to the island enslaved, they retained mastery of their culinary traditions. As Galveston’s port prospered and became the “Wall Street of the South,” better job opportunities were available for African Americans who lived in Galveston and for those who migrated to the island city after emancipation, with owner-operated restaurants being one of the most popular enterprises. Staples like Fease’s Jambalaya Café, Rose’s Confectionery and the Squeeze Inn anchored the island community and elevated its cuisine. From Gus Allen’s business savvy to Eliza Gipson’s oxtail artistry, the Galveston Historical Foundation’s African American Heritage Committee has gathered together the stories and recipes that preserve this culinary history for the enjoyment and enrichment of generations, and kitchens, to come.